This page contains the policies and guidelines used by the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki to create this website. We hope these are helpful for those using this website and for sharing with others interested in creating websites of a similar nature.

Website Protocols
Protocols for Descendant Permissions
Protocols for Digital Imaging




Website Protocols

1. Copyright and Privacy

The Privacy Act 1993 seeks to provide better protection for individual privacy in relation to the collection, use, access, correction and disclosure of personal information held by any public and private sector "agency". This includes the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki.

Personal information may be collected only for a lawful purpose connected with a function or activity of the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki and only if necessary for that purpose.

Such information must be collected directly from the individual concerned and that person must be told why the information is needed.

We ask that contributors respect the privacy of others by not naming them in any supplied text unless that person has given their approval first.

Although the portraits of Gottfried Lindauer are out of copyright, we ask that you treat them respectfully.  Any use of images from this site will involve an iwi permission process.

When contributing photographs to the site please ensure that you are the copyright holder or have the permission of the copyright holder to publish them.

2. Graffiti Within the Visitors' Book

There was graffiti within the historic Visitors' Book featured on this site.  For the purposes of this site we define 'graffiti' as comments or scribbles that are unrelated to a signature.  We are guided by the rules of Auckland City with respect to expletives and so took the following approach:

  • graffiti with expletives was not transcribed but the place on the page where it occurred contains the word [Graffiti] - in a very few places we made minor adjustments to the visuals of the Visitors' Book
  • graffiti without expletives was transcribed in a grey font followed by the word [Graffiti] - this is in order to distinguish it from the genuine comments which it often follows


3. Iwi Relationships and Iwi Maps

We have provided iwi relationships for those depicted in the portraits.  These have been arrived at after much research and we hope that they are correct. 

The iwi maps provided on the site reflect our research related to the name and locations of iwi and hapu at the time the portraits were painted. 

We welcome your feedback

4. Macron Use Statement

Throughout the site, we have used macrons wherever it is appropriate.  Where we are making a direct quote we write the words as written i.e. if macrons were used in the original we include them, if not, we do not.  Essays reflect each writer's preference.

5. Moderation

Only contributed stories (unlike forum posts, comments or guest book entries) will be reviewed by a member/s of the Whakamīharo Lindauer Online Team or their representatives before being published on the site.  We will endeavour to check for any inappropriate content and may amend text or images where necessary after consulting with the content provider. Information published will include the name of the person who supplied it.  It is this person's responsibility to ensure it is accurate and balanced.

6. Related Images

Related images illustrate the sitter texts, timeline and essays.  Most of these images are freely available via the Internet, however, as a courtesy, and in most instances, we have contacted the provider to ask permission to use them.  We respect the decision each institution makes with respect to securing iwi permission before publishing in the online environment and have complied with such protocols.

Protocols for Descendant Permissions

Permission from descendants is required before an image of their tupuna is released to the Whakamīharo Lindauer Online website. This document outlines the protocols we have developed surrounding the process of obtaining permissions.

1. Guiding Principles

Our guiding principles are informed by Museums Aotearoa's A Strategy for the Museum Sector in New Zealand (2005) and its Code of Ethics (2003).

  1. Museums are the kaitiaki or stewards of collections on behalf of their communities.
  2. Iwi are the cultural kaitiaki or stewards of their ancestors and contribute to the care and management of taonga, and the knowledge and stories associated with tangible and intangible natural and cultural heritage.
  3. There must be iwi involvement in digital initiatives incorporating heritage collections.

2. Permissions Protocols

Our protocols for obtaining descendant permissions were developed with the assistance of Haerewa, the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki's Māori Advisory group.

  1. Where no descendant has been traced, contact the appropriate iwi runanga.
  2. A te reo Māori speaker should be available to consult with descendants.
  3. Visit or speak to descendants in person to discuss the kaupapa as appropriate.
  4. A written request should be sent to each descendant or iwi representative. The documentation should aim to be bilingual and include a consent form. Full details of the use to which the images are being put should be supplied.
  5. Allow space on the consent form for multiple signatories.
  6. Provide space on the form for comments and feedback.
  7. Descendants should be invited to share whakapapa information and to put access restrictions (or embargoes) on this information should they wish.
  8. Allow plenty of time for the permissions process as some descendants will organise hui with whānau to discuss the kaupapa and gather signatures. Provide support costs as appropriate.
  9. Consent forms should be securely stored. The names and addresses of iwi representatives to third parties should not be supplied without their consent, in accordance with the provisions of the Privacy Act.
  10. Further permission should be sought if the portrait images are to be used for any purpose other than the Lindauer website.


Protocols for Digital Imaging

Images for use on the Whakamīharo Lindauer Online website will be provided by partners and other external sources, as well as being created by Auckland Art Gallery staff. This document describes the protocols to be applied when images are provided.

1. Guiding Principles

Our guiding principles are informed by our institution's experience in digitising our own collection images for online delivery, and by accepted common practice in transferring or providing digital images for website use.

  1. Images are intended for website use.
  2. Images will be provided at a size larger than will be used online so that they can be re-sized for final use.  Details from images may be used in some instances.

2. Image Protocols

  1. Images should be correctly exposed and show good highlight and shadow details.
  2. Images should be evenly illuminated without reflections.
  3. Standard images should be cropped to show the maximum area of the visible artwork surface, excluding the frame (if a painting).
  4. If images showing the artworks including their frames are available they can be supplied as additional documentation.
  5. Images should be accurate representations of the artworks depicted. It is preferable to include a greyscale incorporated alongside the painting within the digital image.
  6. Images should be no less than 2000 pixels in length on the longest edge.
  7. Images in TIFF format are ideal but JPEG files with good quality/low compression will be acceptable.
  8. Images must have unique identifiable filenames and be accompanied by captions or descriptions.
  9. Images should be supplied on CD.
  10. Images must be accompanied by permission allowing publication on the website, or indicate restrictions or conditions of use.
  11. Images must be accompanied by a credit line acknowledging the owner of the artwork.
  12. Images will be stored by the Auckland Art Gallery in a secure data storage system to ensure both the longevity of the digital files and appropriately managed access to them.
  13. Further permission will be sought if the images are to be used for any purpose other than the Lindauer website.


Tāia tēnei whārangi | Print this page
  • Whakaahua Mūori | Mūori Portraits

    View the portraits of Māori painted by Gottfried Lindauer in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Search for specific portraits by iwi or keyword and view the painting in detail through the zoom viewer.

  • Tangata pūkenga | The Artist

    Learn about Gottfried Lindauer, one of the best-known painters of Māori portraits. Read about his painting techniques, why the works were painted, and the role of his patron Henry Partridge.

  • Documentary series | Behind the Brush

    The Māori Television series Behind the Brush brings alive the stories of descendants and to uncover the lives of the artist, the patron and tupuna Māori.